Who Is Affected By Desertification?

What are the causes and consequences of drought and desertification?

Although the cycles of drought and climatic disturbances can contribute to the development of desertification, it is mainly caused by overgrazing, land clearance, over-exploitation of cultivated and natural lands, and by generally using land in a way that is inappropriate to local conditions..

Which part of Africa is experiencing the most problems with desertification?

The report stated that Africa’s desert and dryland areas are concentrated in the Sahelian region, the Horn of Africa and the Kalahari in the south and that land degradation affects at least 485 million people (65% of the entire African population).

Why is desertification a problem in Africa?

Desertification is a serious problem in the continent. It has been estimated that 319 million hectares of Africa are vulnerable to desertification hazards due to sand movement. … Soil degradation caused by deforestation is also a serious threat in Africa.

How much land is affected by desertification?

“More than half of the world’s agricultural land is affected by soil degradation, and the deterioration of dry lands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares of land,” Ambassador Peter Thomson, President of the General Assembly, told the high level meeting, citing the drought and famine which affected …

What is the main cause of desertification?

‘Climatic variations’ and ‘Human activities’ can be regarded as the two main causes of desertification. removal of the natural vegetation cover(by taking too much fuel wood), agricultural activities in the vulnerable ecosystems of arid and semi-arid areas, which are thus strained beyond their capacity.

What is the main impact of deforestation?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

What are the causes and effects of desertification?

“Desertification is a type of land degradation in which a relatively dry land region becomes increasingly arid, typically losing its bodies of water as well as vegetation and wildlife. It is caused by a variety of factors, such as climate change and human activities.

What countries are affected by desertification?

This situation is acute in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya, where the combination of weak governments and a lack of annual rains linked to climate change are driving desertification levels.

What are the 3 main causes of desertification in Africa?

Causes of desertificationPopulation growth – the population in some desert areas is increasing. … Removal of wood – in developing countries, people use wood for cooking. … Overgrazing – an increasing population results in larger desert areas being farmed. … Soil erosion – this is made worse by overgrazing and the removal of wood.More items…

How can we solve the problem of desertification?

Planting more trees – the roots of trees hold the soil together and help to reduce soil erosion from wind and rain. Improving the quality of the soil – this can be managed by encouraging people to reduce the number of grazing animals they have and grow crops instead.

Why is it important to stop desertification?

In Africa and other countries largely dependant on agricultural production, desertification can reduce agricultural yields and make them much more unpredictable. It therefore affects food security of those living in affected areas.

What will happen if desertification continues?

Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. … Some 10 to 20% of drylands are already degraded, and ongoing desertification threatens the world’s poorest populations and the prospects of poverty reduction.

How are humans affected by desertification?

Land degradation and desertification can affect human health through complex pathways. As land is degraded and deserts expand in some places, food production is reduced, water sources dry up and populations are pressured to move to more hospitable areas. … the spread of infectious diseases as populations migrate.

What are the impact of desertification?

Desertification has caused major environmental and socioeconomic problems in many arid and semiarid areas of the world1. It causes soil degradation and severely reduces potential land productivity2–4, which causes degradation of the ecosystem and its associated ecosystem services.

Can desertification be reversed?

In order to prevent and reverse desertification, major policy interventions and changes in management approaches are needed. … In areas where desertification processes are at the early stages or are relatively minor, it is possible to stop the process and restore key services in the degraded areas.

Which country is most affected by desertification?

Africa is the continent most affected by desertification, and one of the most obvious natural borders on the landmass is the southern edge of the Sahara desert. The countries that lie on the edge of the Sahara are among the poorest in the world, and they are subject to periodic droughts that devastate their peoples.

How does climate change affect desertification?

Climate change may exacerbate desertification through alteration of spatial and temporal patterns in temperature, rainfall, solar radiation and winds. … In Southern Europe, higher temperatures and more frequent drought are expected to reduce water availability, hydropower potential, and, in general, crop productivity.

How can we stop the desert from spreading further?

Farmers can stop deserts from spreading by carefully managing their land. If you have hilly land, you should be ploughing the land along the curves of the land, and around the hills, instead of straight up and down. Leave strips of grass between the cultivated rows.

What is the most effective way to protect dry lands from desertification?

Answer Expert Verified. Answer: Planting a tree belt. Explanation: The most effective method by which the desertification of the soil can be controlled is by planting more and more trees.

What effects did desertification have on African peoples?

The degradation of drylands in Africa is forcing people who can no longer make a living off the land to move to urban areas. According to the UN Population Division, the population of Lagos, Nigeria, will grow from 13.4 million in 2000 to 23.2 million in 2015, partly due to an influx of displaced rural communities.

What are 3 causes of desertification?

Human activities that contribute to desertification include the expansion and intensive use of agricultural lands, poor irrigation practices, deforestation, and overgrazing. These unsustainable land uses place enormous pressure on the land by altering its soil chemistry and hydrology.