Why Is Desertification A Problem In Africa?

Which best describes the relationship between desertification and air quality in Africa?

Which BEST describes the relationship between desertification and air quality in Africa.

A.

Air quality decreases as desertification leads to the death of oxygen-producing plants.

Desertification occurs as a result of low air quality caused by agricultural chemicals in the air..

Why is desertification a huge problem in Africa?

The Sahel is a narrow belt of land which lies immediately to the south of the Sahara Desert and which extends across most of Africa. The main causes of desertification include: … Overgrazing – an increasing population results in larger desert areas being farmed. Sheep, cattle and goats are overgrazing the vegetation.

Where is desertification the worst?

The United Nations Convention (UNC) says that about six million Sahelian citizens would have to give up the desertified zones of sub-Saharan Africa for North Africa and Europe between 1997 and 2020. Lake Chad, located in the Sahel region, has been hit particularly hard by this phenomenon.

Is desertification good or bad?

Some 10 to 20% of drylands are already degraded, and ongoing desertification threatens the world’s poorest populations and the prospects of poverty reduction. Therefore, desertification is one of the greatest environmental challenges today and a major barrier to meeting basic human needs in drylands.

How can desertification affect humans?

Land degradation and desertification can affect human health through complex pathways. As land is degraded and deserts expand in some places, food production is reduced, water sources dry up and populations are pressured to move to more hospitable areas. … the spread of infectious diseases as populations migrate.

What are 3 causes of desertification?

Human activities that contribute to desertification include the expansion and intensive use of agricultural lands, poor irrigation practices, deforestation, and overgrazing. These unsustainable land uses place enormous pressure on the land by altering its soil chemistry and hydrology.

What countries in Africa are affected by desertification?

This situation is acute in Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya, where the combination of weak governments and a lack of annual rains linked to climate change are driving desertification levels.

How does desertification affect Africa?

The degradation of drylands in Africa is forcing people who can no longer make a living off the land to move to urban areas. … And as the populations of cities in or near drylands continue to rise, pressures on limited water resources increase as well.

How can we stop desert from spreading?

Farmers can stop deserts from spreading by carefully managing their land. If you have hilly land, you should be ploughing the land along the curves of the land, and around the hills, instead of straight up and down. Leave strips of grass between the cultivated rows.

What is the main cause of desertification?

‘Climatic variations’ and ‘Human activities’ can be regarded as the two main causes of desertification. removal of the natural vegetation cover(by taking too much fuel wood), agricultural activities in the vulnerable ecosystems of arid and semi-arid areas, which are thus strained beyond their capacity.

What countries are at risk of desertification?

A recently published JRC study identified the following geographic regions as prone to desertification: north-eastern Brazil, south-western Argentina, the southern Sahel, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Sub-Himalayan India, and north-eastern China.

Why is desertification a problem?

* Desertification is mainly a problem of sustainable development. Its causes include over-cropping, over-grazing, improper irrigation practices, and deforestation. Poor land management practices such as these often stem from the socioeconomic conditions in which the farmers live, and can be prevented.

How can we stop desertification in Africa?

6.2 What actions can be taken to prevent desertification?Integrating land and water management to protect soils from erosion, salinization, and other forms of degradation.Protecting the vegetative cover, which can be a major instrument for soil conservation against wind and water erosion.More items…

How can we solve the problem of desertification?

Planting more trees – the roots of trees hold the soil together and help to reduce soil erosion from wind and rain. Improving the quality of the soil – this can be managed by encouraging people to reduce the number of grazing animals they have and grow crops instead.

Why is Africa at risk of drought and desertification?

Whereas over cultivation, inappropriate agricultural practices, overgrazing and deforestation have been previously identified as the major causes of land degradation and desertification, it is in fact a result of much deeper underlying forces of socio-economic nature, such as poverty and total dependency on natural …

What are the impacts of desertification?

What are the effects of desertification? Lack of vegetation cover for holding soil together and for grazing. Increased soil erosion. Crop failure, leading to famine .

What country is most affected by desertification?

Africa is the continent most affected by desertification, and one of the most obvious natural borders on the landmass is the southern edge of the Sahara desert. The countries that lie on the edge of the Sahara are among the poorest in the world, and they are subject to periodic droughts that devastate their peoples.

What are the major causes of desertification in Africa?

Various Causes of DesertificationOvergrazing. … Deforestation. … Farming Practices. … Excessive Use of Fertilizers and Pesticides. … Overdrafting of groundwater. … Urbanization and Other Types of Land Development. … Climate Change. … Stripping the Land of Resources.More items…

What area in Africa is most affected by desertification?

SahelThe U.N. estimates about 30 million acres of land across the globe are impacted by desertification every year. The most vulnerable region is a 3,000-mile stretch of land that includes ten countries in the Sahel region of Africa. The Sahel is the area between the Saharan Desert and the Sudanian Savannah.

What are the effects of desertification in South Africa?

South Africa is losing about 300 to 400 million tons of topsoil every year. Areas such as the Northern Cape are especially prone to desertification. To halt desertification the number of animals on the land must be reduced, allowing plants to regrow.